Bazaar E Husn Novel.pdf
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Bazaar-e-Husn: A Novel by Premchand
Bazaar-e-Husn (Urdu: ØØØØØÙ ØÙØÙ) or Seva Sadan (Hindi: àààµàààà) is a novel by Munshi Premchand, one of the most celebrated writers of both Urdu and Hindi languages. It was originally written in Urdu under the title Bazaar-e-Husn (\"Market of Beauty\" or Red-light district) but was first published in Hindi from Calcutta as Seva Sadan (\"The House of Service\"), in 1919. It was published in Urdu, in 1924, from Lahore.[^1^]
The novel tells the story of Suman, a Brahmin lady who is married into a loveless union, because of her family's social and financial obligations. She leaves this marriage to become a courtesan, in the \"kothas\" of Varanasi, the orthodox Hindu religious city where the novel is set. She then reforms herself and atones by serving as the manager of an orphanage for the young daughters of courtesans, the seva-sadan of the Hindi title.
The novel explores the themes of social morality, women's rights, religious reform and colonial modernity in the early 20th century India. Premchand portrays the complex realities of Indian society with empathy and realism, while also criticizing its injustices and hypocrisies. He shows how Suman struggles to find her identity and dignity in a patriarchal and oppressive society, and how she ultimately achieves her redemption through selfless service.
Bazaar-e-Husn is considered to be Premchand's first major novel; before it, he had published four novellas in Urdu of about 100 pages each. An English translation of this book was released by Oxford University Press, India in New Delhi in 2005.[^2^] The year is stated to be significant, being the 125th anniversary of Munshi Premchand's birth.[^3^]The novel also depicts the lives of other characters who are connected to Suman in some way. There is Gajadhar, her husband, who is a greedy and selfish Brahmin priest. He marries Suman for her dowry and then neglects her. He later becomes a corrupt politician and joins the municipal corporation that orders the relocation of the kothas. There is Padam Singh, a wealthy businessman and a patron of courtesans. He falls in love with Suman and helps her escape from her husband. He also supports her financially and emotionally when she decides to reform herself. He is a generous and kind-hearted man, but also a victim of social stigma and prejudice. There is Bholi, Suman's sister, who is married to Gajadhar's brother. She suffers from domestic violence and poverty. She loves Suman and tries to help her, but also faces criticism from her husband and society. There is Pandit Gopinath, a young scholar and a social reformer. He is an admirer of Suman and respects her for her courage and intelligence. He also runs the seva-sadan where Suman works as a teacher. He is a progressive and idealistic man, but also faces opposition from the orthodox and conservative sections of society.
The novel is a powerful critique of the social evils that plague Indian society, such as casteism, patriarchy, corruption, prostitution, poverty and superstition. Premchand exposes the hypocrisy and double standards of the people who claim to be religious and moral, but are actually selfish and exploitative. He also shows how women are oppressed and exploited by men in various ways, and how they have to fight for their rights and dignity. He advocates for social reform and education as the means to uplift the status of women and the downtrodden sections of society. He also celebrates the values of humanism, compassion, service and sacrifice as the true essence of religion. aa16f39245